Nature in Peru

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Famous as the land of the Incas, Peru is one of the most interesting countries in the world, both historically and for its nature. It boasts a huge selection of natural wonders, historic ruins, an abundance of wildlife, vast deserts, winding rivers and  incredible seashores. Plus, part of the world-famous Amazon rainforest can be visited here. Nature tours here will astound any visitor. 

What makes Peru nature trips so special? 

Peru's nature trips are unique because they offer amazing diversity. Over 20% of the country is covered by 60 national parks and reserves. In addition, there are a variety of national forests, national sanctuaries, and reservation areas. For nature lovers, there is a great deal to see on a Peru nature trip. 

The best national parks and natural sites in Peru 

With such a variety of natural landscapes, it can be hard to choose where to start your nature tour of Peru. Here are some of the best places to visit for nature lovers. 

Go into the jungle at Manu National Park 

Manu National park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Andean highlands. It’s one of the most pristine areas of the Amazon jungle in Peru, and offers a better chance of seeing more animals than you will typically find anywhere else in the country. Expect to spot many types of monkey, bears, and, if you’re lucky, even jaguars. Over 1,000 different bird species make their homes here, too. 

See unique flora at Huascaran National Park 

If plants and flowers are your thing, you’ll love Huascaran National Park. This land of vertiginous mountains and bright blue lakes is beautiful, but most interesting is the tall, thin giant puya raimondi plant, which can reach up to 15 metres high. Wildlife spotters might see cougars, jaguars, llamas, guanacos, marsh deer, and many kinds of ducks including the southern pochard. 

Go wildlife spotting at Pacaya Samiria National Reserve 

The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve is the largest natural reserve in Peru. It’s home to 500 different bird species and great wildlife, such as monkeys, capybara, giant turtles, river dolphins, and elusive jaguars. You can also find a canopy trail where visitors can walk through the jungle at a height of more than 30 meters, offering an excellent scenic views. 

Head to the coast for Paracas National Reserve 

Set along the coastline of Peru, the Paracas National Reserve is a spectacular natural landscape on land and in the water. With plenty of marine wildlife, and pristine beaches for relaxing, paired with a mix of rugged shoreline, desert plains and mountains, Paracas is a dream vacation for those who love the outdoors. 

See spectacular birds at Bahuaja-Sonene National Park 

Situated in the southeast of Peru, Bahuaja-Sonene National Park is one of the country's most popular destinations for wildlife viewing. Encircled by rivers, this lovely national park has diverse ecosystems, from tropical forests and foothills, to dwarf forests full of small trees. There are nearly 20,000 plant species and 600 bird species here, so it’s a brilliant place to see some beautiful birdlife.  

What's the best time of year to experience Peru's nature? 

June through September is the best time for Peru nature trips. This period has sunny days that can be enjoyed, with low levels of rainfall. This is also the ideal time to go trekking on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu and climbing, hiking and biking through the mountains and jungles.

When to go in Peru?

You can go to Peru at any time of year. In fact, the country's climate varies enormously across the regions. Choose the dry season, from December to March, to visit the coast. June to August or in mid-season is best for touring the Andes and September or November is best for a hike in the Amazon rainforest. You can climb the famous Machu Picchu and go down the Madre de Dios river by canoe in this colourful country with its huge number of tourist attractions.
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