There are two different aspects of safety and security In Iceland. On the one hand, there is the aspect associated with human activity, which accounts for practically all safety and security issues in Iceland. However, there is also the issue of safety in the outdoor environment, where you need to remain vigilant in order to avoid placing yourself in danger.
Iceland is without a doubt one of the safest countries in the world. There is hardly any criminality and the whole country gives the impression of being safe and secure. Going out late at night, going out alone – especially if you're a woman – and hitchhiking are all things you can do with peace of mind when visiting Iceland. Of course there is no such thing as a complete absence of risk, and just like anywhere else, it is inadvisable to leave your car unlocked or your bag unattended in Iceland, just in case!
In Iceland, there are no dangerous, venomous or poisonous plants or animals. You can safely go hiking anywhere alone. The only times you need to be vigilant are when confronted by natural phenomena such as the weather and the wildness of Iceland's outdoors. Because the country experiences harsh winters, rapidly changing weather conditions, frequent snowfall and black ice at times, when setting out on its roads or going hiking, always ensure you are well-equipped and up-to-date with the latest information. This will avoid you putting yourself at risk by placing yourself in situations where the weather is deteriorating or conditions are already bad. Where Iceland's outdoors is concerned, the island's wild landscapes, powerful waterfalls, sheer cliffs, sharp lava rock formations, unstable icebergs, boiling water from naturally heated springs, thick fogs and remote regions all constitute potential "dangers" that you should not approach too close to if you want to avoid the risk of mishap or injury! Respect nature and always keep a safe distance from these dangers and Iceland will prove a very safe destination throughout your visit.