Iceland’s history is closely linked to the Vikings, most of whom came from Norway. They colonized the island between 874 and 930 before settling down and making the country the starting point for their expeditions. One of these Viking settlers, Ingólfur Arnarson, founded Iceland's capital city, Reykjavik.
There are several museums in the capital dedicated to Iceland's Viking heritage, such as the National Museum, where you’ll find archaeological evidence organized chronologically, from Iceland’s first inhabitants to the middle of the 20th century, and examples of Viking craftsmanship like weapons and religious artifacts. Then, head to the Sagas Museum, where you will learn about Viking history by viewing reconstructions of battles and daily life in the 10th and 11th centuries.
Close to the Snæfellsnes Peninsula, discover another piece of Viking artisanship by visiting the Settlement Museum in Borgarnes. It was once home to Eric the Red, the famous Viking who founded the first settlement in Greenland. This peat house’s interior has been reconstructed to replicate how the locals lived during that time.See more